10 POINTS WORLD WAR 1!!!?

10 POINTS WORLD WAR 1!!!?

10 POINTS WORLD WAR 1!!!? 1

1) B. Article 231 of the Treaty of Versailles stated the following: "The Allied and Associated Governments affirm and Germany accepts the responsibility of Germany and her allies for causing all the loss and damage to which the Allied and Associated Governments and their nationals have been subjected as a consequence of the war imposed upon them by the aggression of Germany and her allies." Also, Article 227 calls for Kaiser Wilhelm II to be tried as a war criminal (he escaped to a neutral country and thus this article was never applied), while Articles 228-30 tried other Germans as war criminals. 2) A. The Lusitania was sunk from a U-boat. 3) The question states a falsehood. First, the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand did necessarily cause the war between Austria-Hungary and Serbia. It was a desire to eliminate a Serbian homeland so Serbian subjects in Austria-Hungary would be loyal to Austria-Hungary. Second, World War did not start until Belgium was invaded. Here is the sequence of events. -Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia -Russia, an ally of Serbia, declares war on Austria-Hungary -Germany, an ally of Austria-Hungary, declares war on Russia -France, an ally of Russia, declares war on Germany -Germany invades Belgium in order to attack France -Britain, defender of Belgian neutrality, declares war on Germany 4) C. The October Revolution (Bolshevik, not to be confused with February Revolution/provisional government) was led by in the Anglicized version of his name, Vladimir Lenin. 5) B. If they did not have alliances like that, it would not have become World War I. It would have been a war between Austria-Hungary and an alliance with Russia and Serbia, or maybe just Serbia. 6) True The Zimmerman Telegram prompted Congress to declare war on Germany on April 6, 1917. Congress declared war on Austria-Hungary on December 7, 1917, but they never sent troops to enforce the declaration of war to Austria-Hungary.

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World War I and World War II wartime cryptographers

Lambros D. Callimahos, US, NSA, worked with William F. Friedman, taught NSA cryptanalysts. Ann Z. Caracristi, US, SIS, solved Japanese Army codes in WW II, later became Deputy Director of National Security Agency. Alec Naylor Dakin, UK, Hut 4, Bletchley park during World War II. Ludomir Danilewicz, Poland, Biuro Szyfrow, helped to construct the Enigma machine copies to break the ciphers. Alastair Denniston, UK, director of GC&CS at Bletchley Park from 1919 to 1942. Agnes Meyer Driscoll, US, broke several Japanese ciphers. Genevieve Grotjan Feinstein, US, SIS, noticed the pattern that led to breaking Purple. Elizebeth Smith Friedman, US, Coast Guard and US Treasury Department cryptographer, co-invented modern cryptography. William F. Friedman, US, SIS, introduced statistical methods into cryptography. Jack Good UK, GC&CS, Bletchley Park worked with Alan Turing on the statistical approach to cryptanalysis. Nigel de Grey, UK, Room 40, played an important role in the decryption of the Zimmermann Telegram during World War I. Dillwyn Knox, UK, Room 40 and GC&CS, broke commercial Enigma cipher as used by the Abwehr (German military intelligence). Solomon Kullback US, SIS, helped break the Japanese Red cipher, later Chief Scientist at the National Security Agency. Frank W. Lewis US, worked with William F. Friedman, puzzle master William Hamilton Martin and Bernon F. Mitchell, U.S. National Security Agency cryptologists who defected to the Soviet Union in 1960 Leo Marks UK, SOE cryptography director, author and playwright. Donald Michie UK, GC&CS, Bletchley Park worked on Cryptanalysis of the Lorenz cipher and the Colossus computer. Max Newman, UK, GC&CS, Bletchley Park headed the section that developed the Colossus computer for Cryptanalysis of the Lorenz cipher. Georges Painvin French, broke the ADFGVX cipher during the First World War. Marian Rejewski, Poland, Biuro Szyfrw, a Polish mathematician and cryptologist who, in 1932, solved the Enigma machine with plugboard, the main cipher device then in use by Germany. John Joseph Rochefort US, made major contributions to the break into JN-25 after the attack on Pearl Harbor. Leo Rosen US, SIS, deduced that the Japanese Purple machine was built with stepping switches. Frank Rowlett US, SIS, leader of the team that broke Purple. Jerzy Rycki, Poland, Biuro Szyfrw, helped break German Enigma ciphers. Luigi Sacco, Italy, Italian General and author of the Manual of Cryptography. Laurance Safford US, chief cryptographer for the US Navy for 2 decades, including World War II. Abraham Sinkov US, SIS. John Tiltman UK, Brigadier, Room 40, GC&CS, Bletchley Park, GCHQ, NSA. Extraordinary length and range of cryptographic service Alan Mathison Turing UK, GC&CS, Bletchley Park where he was chief cryptographer, inventor of the Bombe that was used in decrypting Enigma, mathematician, logician, and renowned pioneer of Computer Science. William Thomas Tutte UK, GC&CS, Bletchley Park, with John Tiltman, broke Lorenz SZ 40/42 encryption machine (codenamed Tunny) leading to the development of the Colossus computer. William Stone Weedon, US, Gordon Welchman UK, GC&CS, Bletchley Park where he was head of Hut Six (German Army and Air Force Enigma cipher. decryption), made an important contribution to the design of the Bombe. Herbert Yardley US, MI8 (US), author "The American Black Chamber", worked in China as a cryptographer and briefly in Canada. Henryk Zygalski, Poland, Biuro Szyfrw, helped break German Enigma ciphers. Karl Stein German, Head of the Division IVa (security of own processes) at Cipher Department of the High Command of the Wehrmacht. Discoverer of Stein manifold. Gisbert Hasenjaeger German, Tester of the Enigma. Discovered new proof of the completeness theorem of Kurt Gdel for predicate logic. Heinrich Scholz German, Worked in Division IVa at OKW. Logician and pen friend of Alan Turning. Gottfried Kthe German, Cryptanalyst at OKW. Mathematician created theory of topological vector spaces. Ernst Witt German, Mathematician at OKW. Mathematical Discoveries Named After Ernst Witt. Helmut Grunsky German, worked in complex analysis and geometric function theory. He introduced Grunsky's theorem and the Grunsky inequalities. Georg Hamel. Oswald Teichmller German, Temporarily employed at OKW as cryptanalyst. Introduced quasiconformal mappings and differential geometric methods into complex analysis. Described by Friedrich L. Bauer as an extreme Nazi and a true genius. Hans Rohrbach German, Mathematician at AA/Pers Z, the German department of state, civilian diplomatic cryptological agency. Wolfgang Franz German, Mathematician who worked at OKW. Later significant discoveries in Topology. Werner Weber German, Mathematician at OKW. Georg Aumann German, Mathematician at OKW. His doctoral student was Friedrich L. Bauer. Otto Leiberich German, Mathematician who worked as a linguist at the Cipher Department of the High Command of the Wehrmacht. Alexander Aigner German, Mathematician who worked at OKW. Erich Httenhain German, Chief cryptanalyst of and led Chi IV (section 4) of the Cipher Department of the High Command of the Wehrmacht. A German mathematician and cryptanalyst who tested a number of German cipher machines and found them to be breakable. Wilhelm Fenner German, Chief Cryptologist and Director of Cipher Department of the High Command of the Wehrmacht. Walther Fricke German, Worked alongside Dr Erich Httenhain at Cipher Department of the High Command of the Wehrmacht. Mathematician, logician, cryptanalyst and linguist. Fritz Menzer German. Inventor of SG39 and SG41.

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