Does Smart Home Choose Wired System Or Wireless System

From the perspective of whether it is necessary to lay control lines, smart home systems can be divided into wired systems and wireless systems.

In the previous article, I basically talked about the difference between wired system and wireless system in a few words. Today, let's talk about the specific principles and differences between wired system and wireless system as a whole.

Wired system

Wired systems transmit control signals through physical lines. Common wired communication systems include KNX, 485, MODBUS, can, IP, etc. KNX is very popular in Europe, and 485, MODBUS, can and other fieldbuses have been used in the field of industrial control for many years. Speaking of this, I miss that 10 years ago, I was a coder who wrote can communication control software every day.

To a certain extent, it can be considered that the wired system is actually the transplant home of industrial control system. Of course, industrial control and home automation have different tendencies and reliability requirements, but the principle is the same.

Take an example of CAN bus wired system. The following figure is the system structure diagram.

As can be seen in the figure, the modules or components of the smart home need to be connected together with can communication cables. Of course, this connection is similar to the power supply lines in the home, which can be hung on the bus. It is not necessary to connect each module or component directly with a wire to the gateway.

Wired systems have a long history and are widely used. Almost all industrial control fields are wired systems. Its main features are as follows.

1. High reliability and stability

Wired systems generally use twisted pair and other media for transmission. For example, can uses one twisted pair to transmit differential signals, while KNX uses two twisted pairs, a total of four lines (two power supplies and two data). This data transmission is safe and stable. The signal is constrained in the line. It has strong anti-interference ability and high reliability. Even a very large system, such as a building with dozens of floors, can still transmit data stably.

2. High upfront cabling costs

As mentioned earlier, the wired system must have a bus or control line. This bus is generally deployed in the construction stage, and then each device is connected to this bus. For families, it is necessary to make a good plan in the decoration stage, reserve the corresponding points, lay wire pipes or cable supports, etc. This part of the cost for ordinary families is no different from the major line change, and the cost is still relatively high.

3. Must be installed in front

As can be seen from the previous article, if the wired system is equipped after decoration, the difficulty is almost equivalent to redecoration, which can be considered unlikely. Therefore, the wired system must be installed in front.

4. It is widely used in Europe and America with mature technology

The wired system is mainly KNX in Europe, and in the United States, it is mostly transmitted through IP, that is, network cable (of course, the network cable is also 4 pairs of twisted pair). KNX system in Europe and America mainly aims at building automation and has been widely used. Crestron, savant and other products in the United States have also accumulated for many years in terms of wired. Foreign houses are generally large. Before the wireless system is fully developed, the wired system is dominant.

Of course, with the rapid development of wireless communication, control 4 and cervante have launched wireless products, which also means that the wireless system can fully meet the requirements of daily smart home to a certain extent.

Wireless system

Wireless systems rely on electromagnetic waves to transmit data. Common transmission protocols include ZigBee, WiFi, Z-Wave, RF, etc. The rapid development and maturity of wireless system from its start to now is only more than ten years, which is younger than wired system. However, in the field of smart home, wireless system is glowing with strong vitality. The following figure is the structure diagram of a wireless smart home system.

In the figure, the gateway, server and mobile tablet communicate through WiFi, and the gateway communicates with each intelligent component through ZigBee. Before they communicate with each other, they do not need a physical connection line.

The main features of wireless system are as follows.

1. Low cost

The biggest feature of wireless system is its low overall cost, which saves the early wiring cost and a large number of design costs. It still has a considerable advantage in price. In particular, the low-cost wireless smart home system launched by domestic Internet brands Xiaomi and yunqi has brought dawn to the general public, further accelerated the popularization of smart home, and let the once high smart home step down the altar and into the homes of ordinary people. Although they still have a little disadvantage in the intelligence or reliability of the whole house, they have a great advantage in price.

2. High flexibility and easy expansion

The wireless system basically realizes plug and play because of the lack of line restrictions, and the configuration is also very convenient. Most users can complete it by themselves. At the same time, the wireless system is easier to expand, which is why I suggest you first use a simple package, and then continuously increase or adjust components according to your own needs to make the whole system grow slowly.

3. Can be installed later

Without the limitation of early lines, wireless systems can basically be installed conveniently. As long as some power supply and WiFi are configured well in the early stage. This is also very convenient for users to upgrade to smart home system under the existing ordinary home conditions.

4. There is a power supply problem

Since wireless is used, some components have power supply problems. For example, temperature and humidity sensors, human infrared sensors and so on, the current solution is to use batteries. According to my actual test, the power consumption of ZigBee, RF and other components is very small. Ordinary button batteries have no pressure for one year. Under normal circumstances, they can be used for two years. The cost of replacement is not high. On the whole, it is very practical.

5. Lower reliability than wired system

Reliability is the weakness of the wireless system. After all, the wireless system relies on electromagnetic waves to transmit signals, while indoor load-bearing walls, floors and metal anti-theft doors have a strong attenuation effect on the signals, and other radio waves will also interfere with the signal transmission, which also determines that the gateway should not be too far away from the components, and should not wear more than two load-bearing walls. But its reliability, as far as ordinary household is concerned, there is no need to worry too much. Home is different from industrial control. Poor reliability in industrial control may lead to disastrous consequences, while the reliability difference in home automation will not lead to serious problems.

Of course, this does not mean that the reliability of the wired system is high enough to never go wrong. No one can guarantee that the electronic system will never go wrong. The wired system will also hang up, which is just a matter of probability. At present, the world's relatively high-end smart home manufacturers have also launched wireless products. Therefore, I personally believe that the development of wireless communication is enough to provide stable support for the smart home system. Coupled with the efficient and fast service response, users do not need to worry too much about the stability of the wireless system.

proposal

If personal suggestions are given, there are two points as follows:

1. Large family or villa whole house intelligence, with high-end systems such as audio and video matrix, which need to integrate the products of several international top manufacturers. The system is huge and complex, regardless of cost, and can be wired.

2. Single family villas and other super large houses have high reliability requirements and take cable.

In other cases, you can go wireless.

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There is no actual "correct." Einstein made a "theory," not a fact. If Einstein's theory is correct, we could theoretically travel back in time but the problem is, we would not be able to go into the future1. What's the similarities between time travel and space travel?The faster your motion through space relative to a stationary reference frame, the more your motion is diverted from your motion through time. In other words, in a very specific sense, we move through time at lightspeed. The faster you move through space, the more your movement through time is diverted by your movement through space. At lightspeed, all your motion through time is diverted by your motion through space. A photon does not experience time. All of its motion through time is diverted by its motion through space. According to relativity theory anyway2. How to travel with cats?Some cats do fine being loose in the car. Try taking them for a little ride (5-10 minutes) and see how they react. I had one cat, a wonderful loving tabby, that I took for a car ride. I was not driving, so she crawled into my lap, squalled, and peed all over my lap! Some years later I had 3 Siamese, and drove from Wisconsin to Montana with them loose in the car, without a bit of a problem. I think its great that you are taking your cats along with you!!!3. Is it Cheap to Travel to Trinidad?It all depends on where you are flying from. If you are in the US it might be better for you to go to Miami. For me in the Caribbean, I would definitely go to Trinidad because the fair is cheaper, the prices are not that bad, I know my way around and I would feel safe. I can just go down town and buy a few doubles and just watch the people go buy sitting on the side of the road. You might not want to do that. I might even buy some shark and bake. Generally, I go to Chaguanas and shop but I might just stay in POS. From the time I take to spend that extra money to go to Miami I could stop right here in Trinidad. I have been there many times and I have not have a problem. It is up to you though because my experiences might be different to yours. All you have to do is to stay where there is lots of people and the same precautions you would take in your country take there. Do not walk around with your purse expose because that would be asking for trouble.4. Is it safe to travel to Israel?Of course it's safe. It's safer than the US. all that stuff you hear is media bullS5. Where to travel in Europe?You can visit Norway :)6. How do I learn about mountain bikes?Firstly, size. Also, go and have a look at a few of their bikes, there is an interesting rating system next to the bikes, indicating the type of riding that it is suitable for. Next, using 1 - 10 scale. But this is based upon components, layout and value for money. MBR is a good place to do some research. For general bike buying, it is advisable to stick to some of the bigger brands. Trek, Scott, Giant, Specialized. You might also consider some of the smaller manufacturers like Claude Butler or Dawes. For components use either SRAM or Shimano gears. Cranks, either Shimano or Truvative, although if you want to throw money at this you could easily look at 2 - 300 on Race Face or Hollowtec. However, many manufacturers use their own brand, eg. Bontager = Trek. However, if you stick with the brands listed above, they will use viable kit, it just depends how much money that you want to spend on your bike. Hard tail or full sus? Firstly, do not spend less than 700 on a full sus. Do not buy an all singing, all dancing 200 bike from Walmart, Tesco, Cycleking, etc. Hard tails tend to be lighter. Also, because you are not spending huge amounts on a rear shock, you get better quality components elsewhere. So, spending 700 on a hardtail will get you a nice race machine with good quality components and viable suspension. You will still get a nice full sus for this price, but the overall quality will not be as high. If you are just hitting well maintained gravel tracks and roads, you do not want your front fork to do too much, so 80mm travel is good. This is also good if you want to race, since you lose less forward power to bouncy forks. For general XC, about 100mm fork travel, although an adjustable fork between 80 and 130 mm is OK. Any fork that starts at 120mm travel will tend to fall into the all mountain category. These will have chunkyer tyres than XC and are better for bounlders and logs etc. Downhill will have a lot of travel up front, with a raked back design. Luck
Which Is a Better Design to Put on a Beer Pong Table?
Which Is a Better Design to Put on a Beer Pong Table?
Nah, Dude save yourself time and money. Just purchase some cheap spray paint. Paint DO NOT VOMIT HERE on your table and everywhere else you DO NOT want puke. Your good to go! Good Luck Beer Pong Guy!1. Help me with my BEER PONG TABLE :) 10 POINTS?beerpongtable.com2. What paint and coating do i use for a beer pong Table?Do what I do when I make/paint things, use trail & error. Try out your paints etc.on a waste piece of ply, much more fun to do it all yourself3. Where can i buy an inflatable beer pong table here in the philippines?Inflatable Beer Pong Table4. how do i make a beer pong table?Advice on building Beer Pong Tables Large areas of paint: The best way to do the larger parts of the design is just spray paint with masking tape pressed down to prevent bleeding. Sanding the table down on places where you expect paint edges to be present also cuts down on bleeding. Ours bled a little on most edges, but we just put down white electrical tape on the points where the paint met the wood and it looked fine. If you have the resources, buy/rent a professional-grade low pressure paint spray gun (check out Home Depot or other home improvement stores) and you should not have any bleeding. Lettering For the more intricate parts, we got some heavy, glossy paper meant for LaserJet printers, and cut them out by hand. It was a pain, but it was the best way to do it. You can probably get away with thinner paper. Basically, thinner paper is more likely to let the polyurethane soak through, but it's also less likely to stick out of the poly (you can run your finger over the letters in our first table and feel a tiny ridge). If I were you I would get heavy paper, and then just poly the hell out of it (5 coats, wait 24 hours between each coat). Oh, and get a clearcoat/polyurethane that goes on clear. The white parts on your table (if any) will get a brownish tint otherwise. Graphics For the graphics on our basketball court table (ACC text and the flag) we went to the actual court and just took some digital pictures. With a little help in Photoshop, we were then able to get the graphics the right size and shape (for example, taking a picture of the "ACC" meant that it was kind of like a trapezoid, with the top part of the text not as wide as the bottom, since I took a picture from an angle as opposed to a bird's eye view). Anywho, for those we just went to Kinko's and printed it out on their good computer and color printer. Then we glued it on and polyeurethaned over it. Keep in mind you can always look for graphics online and just print them out (Google has an Image search feature that works well). Sturdy construction We do not have any plans drawn out (well, not on my computer anyway), but it's pretty easy to make a sturdy table. If you've got over $150 allocated for this, do not spare any expense on quality. 3/4" pine plywood is the sturdiest non-expensive board you can get. It will come in an 8'x4' section, but feel free to cut it down (but 8x4 is a nice size). If you've got money to waste, you can even get 3/4" oak. It will look better and is sturdier. You are going to want to build a sturdy frame underneath the table. A complete border of 2x4s should lay underneath the plywood. This not only looks good, but provides most of the anti-warping support. You are also going to want to spend the extra couple of bucks for two more 8' lengths of 2x4s to lay lengthwise along the underneath of the table (so you will have something like four 8-foot 2x4s underneath the table lengthwise, and then two 4-foot lengths at the edge). Legs are pretty easy. We use 4x4's, which is sturdy as hell but does not look great. If you paint them, they might look fine. In any event, a 3/4" plywood with the said frame underneath will never warp, and can even handle a few drunk college boys standing on top of it (not that I would suggest that). Misc Also, get trim for the edge of the table. It's $1/ft. and well worth it. It makes the table look much better, and even stops the occasional ball from rolling off. And to make sure that the table can handle all the beer that will get spilled, use a ton of polyurethane/clearcoat. If you have the time, do over 5 coats (10 is probably the most you will need). Follow the directions on can, but you should most likely not do more than one coat a day (bubbles could form if it does not dry all the way).
What Else to Do on PS3?
What Else to Do on PS3?
What else to do on PS3?Start renting movies. That's mostly what I use mine for these days. Do you want to know what other games you should buy? First I agree with the guy above me about the Assassins' Creed games and Uncharted 2. They are great games. Here is a list of other games you should check out. Buy them used from gamestop because you have 7 days to return them in case you do not like them or just rent them first. Batman Arkham Asylum-best comic book adaption and a must play Marvel Alliance 1 and 2- great to play with friends, up to 4 Red Dead Redemption-must have single player game, has online too but the single player is better The God of War Collection and God of War 3 Castlevania: Lord of Shadows- similar style to God of War Darksiders-similar style to God of War Mass Effect 2-must have single player Dead Space 1 and 2- best sci-fi horror Fear 2: Project Origin-more sci-fi horror Silent Hill Homecoming- eeriest horror Condemned 2- Metal Gear Solid 4-lot's of long cut-scenes but terrific story and gameplay. especially the boss battles Resistance 2 Army of Two: 40th Day-much better online but can play co-op on same screen Borderlands- it is better played online with a friend or 2 Heavenly Sword-short game but stunning production Saints Row 2- looser more over-the-top style of GTA Oblivion-best rpg Brutal Legend-great if you like heavy metal music and lore Transformers War for Cybertron Red Faction Guerrilla- the best destruction engine that allows you to break almost anything Fallout 3-must have single player game Prince of Persia Valkyria Chronicles-amazing game that is often overlooked Far Cry 2-slightly different fps than most with great African setting and good story Heavy Rain-best adult psychological thriller Pure- best atv racing NBA 2k 11-best basketball Fight Night Round 4-much better than 3, and the new Fight Night Champions Just Cause 2-adrenaline rush, open world gameplay Ratchet and Clank: A Crack in Time-best in the series The Sly Collection Civilization Revolution-great strategy Sonic Ultimate Genesis Collection-over 40 classic titles Soulcaliber 4-best 3d fighter The Orange Box- 4 great games in one Yakuza 3- Japanese mob story with fun side challenges— — — — — —Do you play any special floor time games with your baby such as "pattycake or peek-a-boo"? Any other games?I usually crawl behind him and he looks right behind me to see if I am following him and then he goes faster and starts laughing cause he thinks its funny. He also has this activity table where I just take off the legs and while he is sitting down we play with it together— — — — — —Is MGS4 worth getting a Playstation 3 for even if your not interested in other games but a fan of MGS series ?MGS4 is suppose to be the final chapter of Metal gear solid series at least for snake it is. This game was probably the main reason many people decided to get a ps3 just because of this game. This game is a visual masterpiece and the gameplay is aweesomee. This game has everything that a movie has and at the same time you are playing it. It has suspense,action, some humor and overall a fantastic conclusion (in my opinion) to the MGS franchise. This game is honestly a must have for the ps3. The only down side of this game is if you are one of those people who could give a rats *** about the story line and just want to play then you wont get the full experience. Some people say that movie scenes are way to long ,but thats because if you never played the MGS franchise it tries to explain everything and so that it basically breaks down the whole MGS franchise. I played that game twice already and probably going to play it again once i get it back from my friend. To me it was a piece of art and action packed game ,but everyone has the same opinion as i do. So its up to you man— — — — — —Would the video game industry be the same without Mario? What other games has Mario influenced?The video game industry would be VERY different w/o Mario. Mario is an icon in his own name. Super Mario Brothers would not exist.the Nintendo would not have been developed (or have made millions of dollars), arcade games would not be the same, Donkey Kong would need someone else to throw barrels at, Sonic would need someone else to copy (then create his own multi-million dollar franchise).Mario has influenced the game world greatly. .If Mario were gone. .through a VERY VERY VERY VERY VERY long series of gaming relationships.Halo would not exist.NOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO.
How to Protect Data on IOT Devices
How to Protect Data on IOT Devices
Before obtaining internet of things devices or solutions, please first ensure their design security. In some environments, this may not be feasible due to factors such as traditional products, price points, or simply because you don't have enough details on how to protect them.If the provider is unable to provide sufficient information about device security methods, it should reconsider purchasing IOT devices. If the IOT device is already in place, security can be established around it.In addition, it should also ensure that manufacturers of Internet of things devices can provide timely patches and updates for the whole lifeline of the device. After the product entered the market, many security vulnerabilities were found. Since the service life of IOT devices may be as long as 10 to 20 years, their manufacturers should be able to provide you with patches and updates during this period.Here are eight effective ways to protect data on IOT devices.1. Learn about the advantages of connecting to the InternetDon't connect smart devices to the Internet just because they have functions. First, you should check the functions available in your device without connecting it to the Internet. You may find that your smart device has good functions and can be used without the Internet. In this case, it is best to use the device offline. This is a good way to protect your safety without spending any money.2. Use auxiliary networkMost of the time, your WiFi router can create multiple networks to help you create restricted access for family and guests. You should also consider creating an additional network for IOT devices. When accessing a connection through a smart device, this will help you prevent unauthorized access to sensitive data. Having a separate connection to act as a buffer will help ensure that no external entities are allowed to access your shared files and other types of encrypted data.3. Continue to change the passwordIt is important that you constantly change your passwords on your PC, personal accounts, and mobile devices. It should also be remembered that it is equally important to change the password used on IOT devices. Use these passwords carefully and ensure that each device has a unique password. You can use the password manager to remember your password, or even use traditional pen and paper methods. Remember that each password must be changed twice a year.4. Do not enable universal plug and playAlmost all smart devices have a function called UPnP. With this feature, different devices can find each other and connect to each other. This feature makes devices more convenient because you do not need to configure each device separately. However, you need to know that the UPnP protocol uses the local network for connection, so it is easy to be accessed from the outside. In the event of an attack, external entities may be able to access multiple devices at the same time. Therefore, it is best to turn off the UPnP function on each device.5. Update each deviceYou should enable automatic update and there is no automatic update. Please check the firmware update regularly. This is required because it is the way to install a new security patch on the device. As hackers and other intruders continue to come up with new ways to invade IOT devices, technology manufacturers continue to strive to deal with such threats with security measures. Therefore, ensuring that all devices are updated will help to enhance the security of the whole system.6. Reduce the use of cloud technologyAs you know, most IOT providers provide free cloud storage with their devices. The reason is that it is considered an emerging technology. However, this technology has some potential disadvantages. The first is that if you want to access the data stored in the cloud, you need an active connection. Without a connection, you can't access the information. Second, when you access your account, outsiders may invade your connection. So before you start using the cloud, make sure you are familiar with how to protect data security and thoroughly understand privacy measures.7. Pay attention to the storage location of wearable devicesWearable devices use WiFi connections to collect and store personal data so that they can provide you with accurate analysis in the future. Therefore, when you bring a wearable device to a public place, because it is connected to public WiFi, anyone connected to the same network can immediately access your data. Therefore, it is best to avoid wearing wearable devices with shared networks. In case you really want to use it, make sure to disable it when you are not using the device.8. Avoid using risky equipmentSome IOT devices need to be continuously connected to the Internet to operate effectively. Others don't bring much efficiency to your life as you think. Therefore, it is a good habit to evaluate the practicability of the equipment from time to time. If you think they don't help your life, or they seem risky, it's best to discard them. In addition, if only one device can replace multiple other devices, invest in the device. This is because the fewer equipment used, the fewer risk factors.
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