Countries

Countries

Countries 1

Benin Benin declared itself a republic as the Republic of Dahomey on December 4, 1958, and gained its independence from France on August 1, 1960. The name People's Republic of Benin was adopted in 1975 and Republic of Benin on March 1, 1990. The capital is Porto-Novo. Chief of state and Head of government: President Patrice Talon (since April 6, 2016)Burkina Faso The Republic of Upper Volta gained its independence from France in 1960. The name Republic of Burkina Faso was adopted in 1984. The capital is Ouagadougou. Chief of state: President Roch Marc Christian Kabor (since December 29, 2015) Head of government: Prime Minister Christophe Dabir (since January 24, 2019)Cabo Verde (Cape Verde) There are ten islands in Republic of Cabo Verde. It became independent from Portugal on July 5, 1975, and the capital is Praia. Chief of state: President Jorge Carlos Fonseca (since September 9, 2011) Head of government: Prime Minister Ulisses Correia e Silva (since April 22, 2016)Cte d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast) The Republic of Cte d'Ivoire became independent from France on August 7, 1960. The political capital is Yamoussoukro and the economic capital is Abidjan. Chief of state President Alassane Ouattara (since December 4, 2010) Vice President Daniel Kablan Duncan (January 16, 2017 - July 13, 2020) Head of government: Prime Minister Amadou Gon Coulibaly (2017-July 8, 2020) Hamed Bakayoko (since July 30, 2020)The Gambia The Gambia achieved independence on February 18, 1965, as a constitutional monarchy within the Commonwealth. It became the Republic of The Gambia within the Commonwealth on April 24, 1970. It was part of the Senegambia Confederation from 1982-1989. It left the Commonwealth in 2013 and rejoined in 2018. The capital is Banjul Chief of state and Head of government President Adama Barrow (since January 19, 2017) Vice President Isatou Touray (since March 15, 2019)Ghana Ghana was the first black country south of the Sahara to gain its independence when it became an independent self-governing member of the Commonwealth on March 6, 1957. The Republic of Ghana was established on July 1, 1960. The capital is Accra. Chief of state and Head of government President Nana Akufo-Addo (since January 7, 2017) Vice President Mahamudu Bawumia (since January 7, 2017)Guinea On October 2, 1958, the Republic of Guinea proclaimed itself independent from France. The capital is Conakry. Chief of state: President Alpha Cond (since December 21, 2010) Head of government: Prime Minister Ibrahima Kassory Fofana (since May 22, 2018)Guinea-Bissau Republic of Guinea-Bissau unilaterally declared its independence from Portugal on September 24, 1973. The capital is Bissau. Chief of state: President Jos Mrio Vaz (since June 17, 2014) President Umaro Sissoco Embal will be inaugurated on February 19, 2020 Head of government: Prime Minister Faustino Imbali (since October 29, 2019)Liberia The Republic of Liberia declared its independence from the United States on July 26, 1847, but it was not recognized until February 5, 1862. Liberia was the first independent modern republic of Africa. The capital is Monrovia. Chief of state and Head of government President George Weah (since January 22, 2018) Vice President Jewel Howard-Taylor (since January 22, 2018)Mali The Mali Federation became independent after negotiations with France on June 20, 1960 and broke up to months later. The Republic of Mali was founded on August 22, 1960, which is recognized as Independence Day. Liberation Day is celebrated as November 19, 1968. The capital is Bamako. Chief of state: President Ibrahim Boubacar Keta (September 4, 2013 to August 18, 2020) Head of government: Prime Minister Boubou Ciss (April 23, 2019 to August 18, 2020) National Committee for the Salvation of the People (CNSP) Head of the CNSP: Colonel Assimi Gota (starting August 19, 2020) Vice-President of the CNSP: Colonel Malick Diaw (starting August 19, 2020)Mauritania The Islamic Republic of Mauritania gained independence from France in 1960. The capital is Nouakchott. Chief of state: President Mohamed Ould Ghazouani (since August 1, 2019) Head of government Prime Minister Ismail Ould Bedde Ould Cheikh Sidiya (August 5, 2019 to August 6, 2020) Mohamed Ould Bilal (since August 6, 2020)Niger The Republic of the Niger gained independence from France on August 3, 1960. The capital is Niamey. Chief of state: President Mahamadou Issoufou (since April 7, 2011) Head of government: Prime Minister Brigi Rafini (since April 7, 2011)Nigeria The Federation of Nigeria gained independence from the United Kingdom on October 1, 1960, while retaining the British monarch, as nominal head of state and Queen of Nigeria. In 1963 the nation established the Federal Republic of Nigeria. The capital is Abuja President: Muhammadu Buhari (APC) (since May 29, 2015) Vice President: Yemi Osinbajo (APC) (since May 29, 2015) Chief Justice: Mahmud MohammedSaint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan da Cunha St. Helena, Ascension, and Tristan da Cunha are British Overseas Territories. Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha includes Gough Island The capital of the territories is Jamestown. Chief of State: Queen Elizabeth II (since February 6, 1952) Governor of Saint Helena: Governor Philip Rushbrook (since May 11, 2019) Administrator of Ascension: Steve Chandler (March 2019-March 2020) Administrator of Tristan da Cunha: Sean Burns (since 2016)Senegal On April 4, 1959, Senegal and French Sudan merged to form the Mali Federation, which became fully independent in 1960. The Federation broke up on August 20, 1960, and each country proclaimed independence. The Republic of Senegal and The Gambia formed the Senegambia Confederation on February 1, 1982; the union was dissolved in 1989. The capital of Senegal is Dakar. Chief of State: President: Macky Sall (since April 2, 2012) Head of Government: Prime Minister: Mahammed DionneSierra Leone On April 27, 1961, Sierra Leone became an independent state within the Commonwealth. In 1971 the Republic of Sierra Leone was established. The capital is Freetown Chief of State, Head of Government, and Minister of Defense President Julius Maada Bio (since April 4, 2018) Vice President Mohamed Juldeh Jalloh (since April 4, 2018)Togo On April 27, 1960, the Togolese Republic proclaimed its independence from France. The capital is Lom. Chief of State: President Faure Gnassingb (since May 4, 2005) Head of Government: Acting Prime Minister Komi Slom Klassou (since June 5, 2015)

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