Discussion on Hydrogen Energy Vehicle and Hydrogen Energy Innovation and Development

In recent years, China's new energy vehicle industry has made great progress and built a relatively complete industrial system. China has become the largest new energy vehicle production and marketing country in the world, accounting for more than half of the world, and occupies an important position in the field of new energy in the world. As an important technical path for global energy sustainable development and strategic transformation, hydrogen energy has become a hot spot in the field of global energy and transportation.

The following is a brief discussion on the innovative development of hydrogen energy vehicles and hydrogen energy:

(1) Science and technology first

The development of new energy vehicles has made brilliant achievements that have attracted worldwide attention. The Ministry of science and technology attaches great importance to the R & D and application of new energy vehicle technology. During the Ninth Five Year Plan period, we carried out small-scale technical pre research and exploratory R & D of pure electric vehicles, focusing on scientific research institutes. Since the tenth five year plan, we have continuously launched national scientific research projects, determined the R & D layout of "three vertical and three horizontal", put forward the technology development strategy of "pure electric drive", focusing on breaking through the battery Motor, electric control and other core technologies. After more than 20 years of tackling key scientific and technological problems, the R & D system of combining industry, University and research and integrating large, medium and small enterprises has been established. The industrial chain from complete vehicles to parts has been basically formed, the speed of transformation and upgrading has also been accelerated, and the formation of leading backbone enterprises and some emerging enterprises is accelerating.

Hydrogen fuel cell technology is the strategic choice of China's future energy technology. After the organization and implementation of science and technology in many countries, China's hydrogen fuel cell technology has made a series of key technological breakthroughs, cultivated a number of enterprises engaged in the R & D of fuel cells and key parts, and initially formed a R & D system covering hydrogen production, hydrogen storage, hydrogen safety and fuel cell technology, It has gained successful experience in distributed energy, standby power supply for communication base stations, fuel cell vehicles, auxiliary power supply for rail transit and commercial demonstration applications. Yesterday, I specially visited yihuatong's production base in Zhangjiakou and felt the rapid development of this enterprise. The product upgrading from generation to generation is indeed very obvious.

(2) Shortcomings of new energy vehicles in China

Despite the remarkable achievements, there are still technical weaknesses and severe challenges in some key core technologies.

First, there is still a lack of original technological breakthroughs in the field of power batteries. In terms of electric drive system, basic components such as high-speed bearings, IGBT and control chips still rely on imports, and there is a large gap between the third generation semiconductor and developed countries.

Second, in terms of fuel cell system, the level of stack is not world-class. Proton exchange membrane, high-pressure gas storage bottle and air compressor are still relatively backward and need to be imported; The hydrogenation infrastructure is still insufficient, which restricts the demonstration and verification of fuel cells. Third, in terms of automatic driving technology, China is still in the follow-up stage, and there is an obvious gap compared with the advanced level of foreign countries. Sensing systems and sensing systems such as lidar and micron wave radar still rely on imports, and there is still an obvious gap in multi-sensor fusion technology, control decision-making system, software, hardware and operating system, and cloud computing platform technology.

(3) Next work

The Ministry of science and technology will further refine scientific issues and common cutting-edge technical issues, pool scientific and technological resources, strive to increase support for basic forward-looking technology R & D, not only make up for weaknesses, but also maintain strategic concentration and strategic adherence, give full play to the leading and supporting role of science and technology, and strengthen the leadership of hydrogen and renewable energy innovation.

The next step focuses on the following aspects:

First, strengthen collaborative innovation and top-level design. The Ministry of science and technology will strengthen communication with the Ministry of finance, the national development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of industry and information technology, the national energy administration, the National Standards Commission and other departments, cooperate in policies, regulations and standards, and eliminate obstacles. As chairman Chen Qingtai said just now, we should create a good ecology to guide and drive the development of the whole industry.

Second, continue to tackle key core technologies of hydrogen fuel cells. The key special project of hydrogen and renewable energy led by the Ministry of science and technology and the project application guide in 2019 are now being studied by the expert group. The hydrogen energy part will focus on the research and development of core key technologies such as membrane electrode, bipolar plate, high-pressure hydrogen storage bottle, booster, hydrogen production and hydrogen storage, make up for shortcomings and strengthen capacity, make technological breakthroughs as soon as possible and improve independent research and development and supporting capacity

Third, encourage leading enterprises to actively promote fuel cell engineering and infrastructure construction, and innovate organizational methods. Further mobilize the enthusiasm of enterprises, support leading enterprises to increase investment, make full use of advantageous resources at home and abroad, strengthen the engineering level of fuel cell vehicle power system and vehicle, form a series of product development capacity and product production capacity for different types, different powers and different use environments, and form the industrialization capacity with independent core technology.

Fourth, we should expand the application scope of hydrogen fuel cells and explore a sustainable energy supply system based on hydrogen energy. We have also deployed a smart grid, mainly multi energy complementarity. Hydrogen energy can be used as a very important mediation technology. Hydrogen energy is also an energy storage technology, which will play a very key role in all kinds of energy.

As we all know, for a long time, the United States, Japan, the European Union and other countries have provided long-term, stable and efficient support for the R & D, demonstration and market cultivation of hydrogen energy and fuel cell technology. Great progress has also been made in international hydrogen energy and fuel cell technology, especially the international automobile enterprises represented by Toyota and Hyundai have launched fuel cell vehicle products, The competition of fuel cell vehicle industry is becoming increasingly fierce. At present, China's hydrogen fuel cell industry is also in a period of rapid development of the survival of the fittest. We also hope that scattered and not concentrated industries can be driven by leading enterprises to grow rapidly, not only with technology, but also engineering and industrialization to form certain products.

The Ministry of science and technology will, as always, promote the R & D and industrialization of new energy and new energy technologies, guide and support industrial transformation and upgrading. Therefore, the forum also welcomes suggestions from all departments, localities and experts to make joint efforts to implement the strategy of China's energy power and automobile power.

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